What is the reason for choosing a differential amplifier circuit?

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What is the reason for choosing a differential amplifier circuit?

Posted Date: 2024-02-06

What is the reason for choosing a differential amplifier circuit?

The main reasons for choosing a differential amplifier circuit are as follows:

1. Strong anti-interference ability: The differential amplifier circuit consists of two mutually symmetrical amplifiers, which has good ability to suppress common-mode interference signals. Common mode interference refers to the noise or interference that acts on both input terminals of the input signal at the same time. The differential amplifier circuit can offset the common mode noise through differential input.

2. Improve signal transmission quality: The differential amplifier circuit can amplify the input signal and has a relatively high common mode rejection ratio and noise rejection ratio. These excellent characteristics are very helpful in improving signal transmission quality, reducing signal distortion and noise interference, and providing more stable and accurate signal amplification.

3. Enhance the ability to resist power supply noise: Differential amplifier circuits are usually powered by symmetrical power supplies and have a high ability to suppress power supply noise. By differentially amplifying the input signal, interference with power supply noise can be better suppressed in subsequent circuits, thus improving the anti-interference capability of the entire system.

4. Improve the dynamic range: While amplifying the input signal, the differential amplifier circuit will also amplify the common mode part of the input signal. This can make the dynamic range of the output signal larger and increase the available amplitude range of the amplifier circuit.

5. Increase balance: The differential amplification circuit can realize differential amplification of the input signal, which increases the balance of the circuit. It has relatively little impact on factors such as temperature changes and device parameter mismatch, and improves the stability and reliability of the overall circuit. sex.

Differential amplifier circuits have the advantages of strong anti-interference ability, high signal transmission quality, strong ability to resist power supply noise, large dynamic range, and increased balance, making them widely used in many application scenarios.

Basic functions of differential amplifier circuit

The differential amplifier circuit is a basic electronic circuit with the following basic functions:

1. Differential amplification: The differential amplification circuit can differentially amplify the input signal, that is, amplify the two input terminals of the input signal. This is achieved through the operation of a differential amplifier, which can effectively amplify the differential input signal and offset the common-mode signal, improving the signal transmission quality and anti-interference ability.

2. Common-mode suppression: The differential amplifier circuit has a certain common-mode suppression capability and can suppress common-mode noise or interference signals that act on both input terminals at the same time, thus improving the purity and reliability of the signal.

3. Signal transmission: Differential amplification circuits play an important role in signal processing systems. They can effectively transmit signals and improve signal quality, including amplification gain, signal-to-noise ratio, and dynamic range.

4. Comparison function: The differential amplifier circuit can also be used for signal comparison. By differentially amplifying the signal with a certain reference signal, the signal comparison and discrimination functions can be achieved.

5. Input impedance matching: The differential amplifier circuit can achieve input impedance matching for different signal sources and provide good input characteristics to ensure the best match between the signal source and the circuit.

Differential amplifier circuits have basic functions such as differential amplification, common mode suppression, signal transmission, comparison functions, and input impedance matching, making them widely used in various electronic systems, especially in scenarios that require high-quality signal processing and anti-interference capabilities. plays an important role in.

Typical applications of differential amplifier circuits

Differential amplifier circuits have many typical applications in electronic systems. The following are some common differential amplifier circuit applications:

1. Differential Amplifier: The differential amplifier is one of the most common differential amplification circuit applications. It usually consists of two transistors or operational amplifiers, used to amplify differential input signals and achieve common-mode rejection. Differential amplifiers are widely used in analog signal processing, audio amplifiers, communication systems and other fields.

2. Differential comparator: A differential amplifier circuit can be used as a differential comparator to compare the difference between two input signals. In analog circuits, differential comparators are often used in applications such as comparison, discrimination, and detection of analog signals.

3. Differential buffer amplifier: The differential buffer amplifier is used to amplify the input signal and maintain the differential characteristics of the input signal. It is commonly used in applications such as driving high-load circuits, impedance matching, and signal isolation.

4. Differential oscilloscope preamplifier: In oscilloscope design, differential amplifier circuits are often used as preamplifiers. It can differentially amplify the oscilloscope input signal, improve the sensitivity and dynamic range of the signal, and reduce the impact of common mode noise on the measurement results.

5. Signal acquisition and sensor interface circuit: Differential amplifier circuits are often used in signal acquisition and interface circuit design. It can amplify weak differential signals from sensors or signal sources and provide high common-mode rejection ratio to ensure accurate signal acquisition and transmission.

6. Linear power regulator: Differential amplifiers can also be used in linear power regulators to provide stable, low-noise high-voltage amplified signals to meet the needs of power amplification and power regulation.

These are just some typical application examples of differential amplification circuits. In fact, differential amplification circuits can play an important role in a variety of signal processing and electronic system design, including instrument measurement, audio amplification, communication systems, control systems and other fields.

Review Editor: Huang Fei

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